Python library provides an `int`

function which is used

- To convert a
**python string**to an integer. - To convert a number of a given base to a decimal. Here, decimal does not mean floating numbers but a number having base 10.

**int function arguments**

`int`

function accepts 2 arguments.- First is the number, it may be supplied as an integer or a string.
- Second is the base(or number system) of the first argument.

**Syntax**

Based on the above explanation, syntax of `int`

function is

int(number, base)

where number may be an integer or a string which can be converted to an integer.

Both arguments are **optional**. If not provided, first argument(number) is assumed to be 0 and second argument(or base) it is assumed to be 10.

**Return Type**

`int`

returns an integer representation(or base 10 equivalent) of the first argument.

When called with a single argument, `int`

will return the same value converted to an integer and when called without any arguments, `int`

will return 0.

**Examples** of usage of `int`

are given below.

# with 2 arguments print(int(20), 10) # prints 20 print(int('20', 10)) # prints 20 # with a single argument print(int(20)) # prints 20 print(int('20') # prints 20 # without argument print(int()) # prints 0

**Examples**

`int`

function can be used to convert a string to an integer, convert a binary value to decimal or convert a hexadecimal value to a decimal number.Below are the usage examples of

`int`

.# string num_str = '30' print('---- Converting string to integer ----') # print its type print(type(num_str)) # convert to integer num = int(num_str) # print its type print(type(num_str)) print('---- Converting binary to decimal ----') print(int('10',2)) print('---- Converting hex to decimal ----') print(int('A',2)) print('---- Converting octal to decimal ----') print(int('1001',8))

Below is the output

—- Converting string to integer —-

<class ‘str’>

<class ‘int’>

—- Converting binary to decimal —-

2

—- Converting hex to decimal —-

10

—- Converting octal to decimal —-

513

Look at the types of values, `int`

converted a string to an integer.

**Errors thrown by int**

`int`

function will throw following errors.**TypeError**

If base(second argument) is given, then the first argument must be a string, bytes or a bytearray else a TypeError will be raised.

Thus, below code will raise an error.

num = 10 print(int(num,10)) # Error

TypeError: int() can’t convert non-string with explicit base

**ValueError**

If the base and the number do not match, then a ValueError will be raised by `int`

. Below code will result in an error.

int('A', 2)

ValueError: invalid literal for int() with base 2: ‘A’

This is because ‘A’ is not a binary value.

Do not forget to **hit the clap**.